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Sharks

Sharks

Sharks belong to a family of fish that have skeletons made of cartilage, a tissue more flexible and lighter than bone. They breathe through a series of five to seven gill slits located on either side of their bodies. All sharks have multiple rows of teeth, and while they lose teeth on a regular basis, new teeth continue to grow in and replace those they lose.

Shark ‘skin’ is made up of a series of scales that act as an outer skeleton for easy movement and for saving energy in the water. The upper side of a shark is generally dark to blend in with the water from above and their undersides are white or lighter colored to blend in with the lighter surface of the sea from below. This helps to camouflage them from predators and prey.
The largest shark is the Whale Shark, which is about the length of a bus. 
Every year, sharks attack approximately 100 people, of which about 10 result in a human fatality. On the other hand, human beings kill 10’s of million’s of sharks every year for their skin, fins, meat and liver oil. This would imply that humans are far more dangerous than sharks. 

There are approximately 350 different species of known sharks.

A large meal may last the shark up to three months without it having to eat again.
Oil in the liver is what keeps the shark from sinking as its density is lower than that of the surrounding water.
Females are usually larger than males and have thicker skin to withstand the bites of males wanting to mate with them. 
Shark pups begin their hunting and killing before they are even born by consuming their weaker siblings inside their mother’s oviduct. 
Sharks can detect the electrical impulse emitted by a standard AA battery one mile away. 
There are approximately 75 species of shark on the endangered list.

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